In a splendid panoramic location are found the remains of the Roman villa known for centuries by the name of "Grotto of Catullus,” the greatest example of private noble building in Northern Italy. Tradition dating back to the 15th and 16th century identifies this complex as the family villa of Catullus, the Latin poet who died in 54 B.C. Based on the testimony of the verses of Catullus, it is certain that he had a residence in Sirmione. The villa, with a rectangular floor plan, has two forecourts on the short sides and covers an overall area of more than two hectares. To counter the slope of the rocky bank on which the foundations of the building were supported, great construction bays were created, while in some zones it was necessary to cut deeply into the rocks.
La villa, che ha pianta di forma rettangolare, con due avancorpi sui lati brevi, copre un'area complessiva di oltre due ettari. Per superare l'inclinazione del banco roccioso su cui furono appoggiate le fondazioni dell'edificio, vennero creati grandi vani di costruzione, mentre in alcune zone si resero necessarie opere imponenti di taglio della roccia.